Employment situation in Zanzibar

The ILO report on Global Youth Employment Trends (2013) estimates global youth unemployment at 73.4 million, an increase of 3.5 million since 2007 and 0.8 million above the level in 2011 (ILO 2013). The report stated further that youth unemployment rate decreased from 12.7 per cent in 2009 to 12.3 per cent in 2011, but increased again to 12.6 per cent in 2013. By 2018, global youth unemployment rate is projected to rise to 12.8 per cent. According to the report, 6.4 million young people have given up hope of finding a job and have dropped out of the labour market. Young people are almost three times more likely to be unemployed than adults with young women affected more than young men. Female youth unemployment rate in 2009 stood at 13.2 per cent compared to the male rate of 12.9 per cent.
    
Zanzibar Situation
According to Intergrated Labour Force Survey of 2014. The working age population comprises of 776,176 in of whom 54.1 percent resided in Rural areas and 45.9 percent in Urban areas. The proportion of females (51.3) was slightly higher compared to males (47.8). Nearly half (46.2) of WAP was found in Mjini Magharibi followed by Kaskazini Pemba with 16.6 percent,  Kusini Pemba 14.8 percent, Kaskazini Unguja 13.8 percent and lastly Kusini Unguja with 8.7 percent.
The number of working age people increased to 776,176 in 2014 from 514,632 in 2006 which made a percentage increase of 51 percent. More working age people were observed in rural areas for both years: 2006 and 2014.
Unemployment
The 2014 Survey showed that Unemployment persons were 87,997. This figure made the unemployment rate to be 14.3 percent in which it was observed that the Urban areas had more Unemploymed persons with 61,804 people as compared to rural areas (26,195). There were more unemployed females in urban (48,076 persons with an unemployment rate of 22.9 persons). than their male counterparts (13,728 persons with an unemployment rate 6.0 percent). The region with the highest unemployment rate was Mjini Magharibi with 23.1 percent followed by Kaskazini Unguja with 10.1 percent. Kusini Unguja had the lowest 3.9 percent) while Kaskazini Pemba and Kusini Pemba 7.9 and 6.9 percent respectively.
Overall unemployment rate in 2014 was 14.3 percent in which urban areas had the higher unemployment rate of 23.3 percent and Rural areas had an unemployment rate of 7.5 percent . Comparing between 2006 and 2014, unemployment rate increased to 14.3 percent in 2014 from 5.5 percent in 2006. In the same periods unemployment rate in Rural areas increased from 1.6 to 7.5 percent. Urban unemployment rae also increased from 11.4 to percent to 23.3 percent.